Chair Jerome Powell said Monday that the Federal Reserve would raise its benchmark short-term interest rate faster than expected if it decides that this would be necessary to slow rampaging inflation, per the AP. His comments did not please the markets. Immediately afterward, the major indexes fell noticeably, with the Dow more than 300 points in the red, per CNBC. At their meeting last week, Fed officials raised their key rate from near zero to a range of 0.25% to 0.5% and forecast that they would carry out six more quarter-point hikes this year.
Powell said that if necessary, the Fed would be open to raising rates by a more aggressive half-point at multiple meetings and to push rates into "restrictive" territory that would limit growth. The Fed hasn't increased its benchmark rate by a half-point since May 2000. "We will take the necessary steps to ensure a return to price stability," he said in a speech to an economics conference. "In particular, if we conclude that it is appropriate to move more aggressively by raising the federal funds rate by more than (a quarter-point) at a meeting or meetings, we will do so."
The Fed is under pressure from widespread criticism that it has reacted too slowly to a price spike that has catapulted inflation to four-decade highs. At their meeting last week, Fed officials forecast that they would raise rates four additional times in 2023 and that inflation would slow to 2.7% by the end of that year. At the same time, the policymakers projected that the economy would remain resilient enough to keep growing and that the unemployment rate would fall from its current level of 3.8% to 3.5%, matching a 50-year low reached before the pandemic.
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