Tesla Yanks Nearly All Its US Vehicles Over Autopilot Issues

US safety regulators say the company will send out software update to fix problems with 2M vehicles
By Newser Editors and Wire Services
Posted Dec 13, 2023 7:49 AM CST
Its Autopilot Under Scrutiny, Tesla Recalls 2M Vehicles
The Tesla company logo shines off the rear deck of a 2020 Model X at a Tesla dealership on April 26, 2020, in Littleton, Colorado.   (AP Photo/David Zalubowski, File)

Tesla is recalling more than 2 million vehicles across its model lineup to fix a defective system that's supposed to ensure drivers are paying attention when they use Autopilot. Documents posted Wednesday by US safety regulators say the company will send out a software update to fix the problems. The recall comes after a two-year investigation by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration into a series of crashes that happened while the Autopilot partially automated driving system was in use. Some were deadly, per the AP. The agency says its investigation found Autopilot's method of ensuring that drivers are paying attention can be inadequate and "can lead to foreseeable misuse of the system." The recall covers nearly all of the vehicles Tesla sold in the US and includes those produced between Oct. 5, 2012, and Dec. 7 of this year.

The software update includes additional controls and alerts "to further encourage the driver to adhere to their continuous driving responsibility," the documents said. The software update was sent to certain affected vehicles on Tuesday, with the rest getting it at a later date, the documents said. Autopilot includes features called Autosteer and Traffic-Aware Cruise Control, with Autosteer intended for use on limited-access freeways when it's not operating with a more sophisticated feature called Autosteer on City Streets. The software update apparently will limit where Autosteer can be used. "If the driver attempts to engage Autosteer when conditions are not met for engagement, the feature will alert the driver it is unavailable through visual and audible alerts, and Autosteer will not engage," the recall documents said.

Recall documents say that agency investigators met with Tesla starting in October to explain "tentative conclusions" about fixing the monitoring system. Tesla, they said, didn't agree with the agency's analysis but agreed to the recall on Dec. 5 in an effort to resolve the investigation. Auto safety advocates for years have been calling for stronger regulation of the driver monitoring system, which mainly detects whether a driver's hands are on the steering wheel. Autopilot can steer, accelerate, and brake automatically in its lane, but it's a driver-assist system and can't drive itself despite its name. Independent tests have found that the monitoring system is easy to fool, so much so that drivers have been caught while driving drunk or even sitting in the back seat. In its defect report filed with the safety agency, Tesla said Autopilot's controls "may not be sufficient to prevent driver misuse."

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In a statement posted Monday on X, formerly Twitter, Tesla said safety is stronger when Autopilot is engaged. The NHTSA has dispatched investigators to 35 Tesla crashes since 2016 in which the agency suspects the vehicles were running on an automated system. At least 17 people have been killed. The investigations are part of a larger probe by the NHTSA into multiple instances of Teslas using Autopilot crashing into parked emergency vehicles that are tending to other crashes. The NHTSA has become more aggressive in pursuing safety problems with Teslas in the past year, announcing multiple recalls and investigations. In May, Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg, whose department includes the NHTSA, said Tesla shouldn't be calling the system Autopilot because it can't drive itself. In its statement Wednesday, the NHTSA said the Tesla investigation remains open.

(More Tesla stories.)

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