Satellite Spots Possibly One of Biggest Methane Leaks Ever

In Siberia, according to private company that tracks methane emissions
By Newser Editors and Wire Services
Posted Jun 15, 2022 3:00 AM CDT
Methane Leak May Be One of the Biggest Ever
This image provided by GHGSat shows methane emissions observed and measured with the company's satellite at the Raspadskaya mine in the west Siberian region of Kemerovo, on Jan. 14.   (GHGSat via AP)

A private company that uses satellites to spot sources of methane emissions around the globe said Wednesday that it detected one of the largest artificial releases of the potent greenhouse gas ever seen, coming from a coal mine in Russia earlier this year. Montreal-based GHGSat said one of its satellites, known as ‘Hugo,’ observed 13 methane plumes at the Raspadskaya mine in Siberia on Jan. 14, the AP reports. The incident likely resulted in about 90 metric tons of methane being belched into the atmosphere in the space of an hour, the company calculated. “This was a really, really dramatic emission," said Brody Wight, GHGSat's director of energy, landfills, and mines. GHGSat said it measured further plumes over the mine during subsequent flyovers the following weeks, though these didn't reach the same “ultra emission” scale seen on Jan. 14.

Cutting down methane emissions caused by fossil fuel facilities has become a priority for governments seeking to take quick, effective steps against climate change. That's because methane is a powerful heat-trapping gas second only to carbon dioxide, which stays in the atmosphere for longer. GHGSat said the plumes detected at Raspadskaya may have been released intentionally, as a safety measure, since the gas can seep out of mines and ignite with potentially deadly outcomes. Two methane explosions and a fire killed 91 people at this mine in 2010, one of the worst such disasters in post-Soviet times. Companies can prevent the uncontrolled release of methane through best practices. Captured gas can be burned as fuel, lessening its global-warming impact.

Manfredi Caltagirone, who heads the International Methane Emissions Observatory at the UN Environment Program, said he was not aware of any bigger release of methane from a coal mine. “If this event is the result of an accumulation of methane that has been then released all at once instead of over several days, the environmental impact would be the same as if a smaller plume was to be released constantly over several days,” said Caltagirone, who wasn't involved in the GHGSat observation. “But from a safety perspective it is worrisome,” he said, citing recent mine explosions in Poland that killed 13 people. Still, the release was likely a very rare event or else other methane-measuring satellites would have picked them up too, said Caltagirone.

(More methane stories.)

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